I previously blogged about our understanding of eclipses during the age of myth and early Indian astronomy. With this 1860 image by Warren De La Rue, we enter the photographic era of eclipse.
Taken during the July 18, 1860 total solar eclipse in Rivabellosa, Spain, this breathtaking image is one of our earliest photograph of this fantastic astronomical event. As discussed in this Stanford Solar Center entry, De La Rue was a "gentleman scientist." Specifically, he inherited his father's financial printing business and became richly successful printing national currencies and the like.
In his spare time, he kept a daily photographic record of solar activity. According to Getty Images, he used the Kew Photoheliograph, a camera telescope built in 1857 by Andrew Ross and designed by De La Rue himself.