The Extreme Mammals Image Gallery

Satan's Gopher
R. Bruce Horsfall/Wikimedia Commons

Epigaulus: Yes, it's a horned rodent -- the only known example of such devilish, prehistoric rattitude. It probably resembled a modern marmot, except with powerful front claws and a pair of almost rhino-like horns on the top of its snout. We have various theories about what they were for, such as burrowing and mating displays.

About the Author: Robert Lamb spent his childhood reading books and staring into the woods — first in Newfoundland, Canada and then in rural Tennessee. There was also a long stretch in which he was terrified of alien abduction. He earned a degree in creative writing. He taught high school and then attended journalism school. He wrote for the smallest of small-town newspapers before finally becoming a full-time science writer and podcaster. He’s currently a senior writer at HowStuffWorks and has co-hosted the science podcast Stuff to Blow Your Mind since its inception in 2010. In his spare time, he enjoys traveling with his wife Bonnie, discussing dinosaurs with his son Bastian and crafting the occasional work of fiction.